en pl
en pl

Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia nad Prawem

Show issue
Year 10/2021 
Volume 13 
Issue 3

The Concept of Negative Integrity: A Call for Philosophical Re-emergence of the Impeccable Judiciary

Tomasz Kozłowski
Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu – National Louis University

10/2021 13 (3) Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia nad Prawem

DOI 10.7206/kp.2080-1084.471


The main purpose of the presented research project is to prepare an initiating answer to the present state of judicial integrity recognised as the top of legal professions and the legal system as such. The method comes mainly from the Oxford analytical jurisprudence, nevertheless, the historical and interdisciplinary approaches, as well as a legal practice, were taken seriously into consideration. The main theses and their scientific standpoints are: (i) at present, we are facing the disintegration of integrity; (ii) one of the sources of it lies in the very grounds of major jurisprudential terms, understood as parts of the Hartian internal point of view and that there are fundamental analytical paradoxes of integrity, generating practical dysfunctionalities; (iii) it is possible to solve main problems through a completely new approach: an ontological turn in the philosophy of law causing the idea of law as a concept and a new concept of integrity, namely ‘negative integrity’. It could be easily and effectively treated as practical support for firstly improving judicial integrity and secondly legal practice in general.


  1. Beswick S., Retroactive Adjudication, “The Yale Law Journal” 2020–2021, 130. [Google Scholar]
  2. Blackburn S., Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy, Oxford 2008. [Google Scholar]
  3. Bloom R.M., Judicial Integrity: A Call for Its Re-Emergence in the Adjudication of Criminal Cases, “Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology” 1993, 84, 462–501. [Google Scholar]
  4. Brożek B., Umysł prawniczy, Kraków 2019. [Google Scholar]
  5. Brożek B., Heller M., Stelmach J., Spór o rozumienie, Kraków 2019. [Google Scholar]
  6. Bufacchi V., Coronavirus: it feels like we are sliding into a period of unrest, but political philosophy offers hope, “The Conversation”, 29 April 2020. [Google Scholar]
  7. Capps P., Human Dignity and the Foundation of International Law, Oxford–Portland 2009. [Google Scholar]
  8. Chan W., Chinese Philosophy, Princeton, 1969. [Google Scholar]
  9. Cohen F.S., Legal Consciousness, Yale 1960. [Google Scholar]
  10. Cotterrell R., The Politics of Jurisprudence, London 2003. [Google Scholar]
  11. Culver K.C., Giudice M., Legality’s Borders – an Essay in General Jurisprudence, Oxford 2010. [Google Scholar]
  12. Cruddas J., Pitts F.H., The Politics of Postcapitalism: Labour and our Digital Futures, “The Political Quarterly” 2020, 91(2), April–June 2020. [Google Scholar]
  13. Dubber M.D., Tomlins C., The Oxford Handbook of Legal History, Oxford 2018. [Google Scholar]
  14. Dyzenhaus D., Legality and Legitimacy, Oxford 2003. [Google Scholar]
  15. Everitt A., Chwała Rzymu, Poznań 2020. [Google Scholar]
  16. Forst R., Contextes of Justice, London 1994. [Google Scholar]
  17. Friedman L.M., A History of American Law, Oxford 2019. [Google Scholar]
  18. Friedman T.L., Lexus i drzewo oliwne – zrozumieć globalizację, Poznań 2001. [Google Scholar]
  19. Gans J., Economics in the Age of COVID-19, Cambridge MA, 2020. [Google Scholar]
  20. Gill C. (ed.), Virtue, Norms & Objectivity – Issues in Ancient and Modern Ethics, Oxford 2005. [Google Scholar]
  21. Góralczyk B., Wielki renesans – chińska transformacja i jej konsekwencje, Warszawa 2018. [Google Scholar]
  22. Finnis J.M., Philosophy of law, Oxford 2011. [Google Scholar]
  23. Finnis J.M., Reason in Action, Oxford 2011. [Google Scholar]
  24. Hart H.L.A., The Concept of Law – Second Edition, Oxford 1994, pp. 79–91. [Google Scholar]
  25. Izdebski H., Fundamenty współczesnych państw, Warszawa 2007. [Google Scholar]
  26. Kaczmarek P., Dystans do roli w zawodzie prawnika, Warszawa 2019. [Google Scholar]
  27. Korsgaard C.M., Self-Constitution – Agency, Identity and Integrity, Oxford 2009. [Google Scholar]
  28. Kozłowski T., Racjonalizm humanistyczny jako polskość zapoznana, [in:] K. Karaskiewicz (ed.), Dokonania kulturowe w Polsce Niepodległej, Białystok 2020. [Google Scholar]
  29. Kozłowski T., Globalne prawo a partykularne państwo według Andrzeja Stelmachowskiego, [in:] T. Giaro (ed.), Prawo w dobie globalizacji, Warszawa 2011. [Google Scholar]
  30. Kozłowski T., Legalness – Philosophical Truth as a Concept of Law, [in:] M. Piechowiak (ed.), Nomos and Truth, Poznań 2008. [Google Scholar]
  31. Kozłowski T., Lobbing jako społeczne administrowanie informacją, [in:] A. Turska (ed.), Refleksje o prawie, państwie i społeczeństwie, Warszawa 2005. [Google Scholar]
  32. Kozłowski T., Spór o obecne pojęcie prawa, [in:] L. Leszczyński (ed.), Teoretycznoprawne problemy integracji europejskiej, Lublin 2004. [Google Scholar]
  33. MacCormick N., Institutions of Law, Oxford 2007. [Google Scholar]
  34. Markesinis B.S. (ed.), The Clifford Chance Lectures, Oxford 1996. [Google Scholar]
  35. Mullarkey J., Post-Continental Philosophy, London 2006. [Google Scholar]
  36. Musiała A., Prawo pracy: czyje? Res publica! O stosunku pracy teoretycznoprawnie, Poznań 2020. [Google Scholar]
  37. Musiała A., Polskie prawo pracy a społeczna nauka Kościoła. Studium prawno-społeczne, Poznań 2019. [Google Scholar]
  38. Obama B., Promised Land, New York, 2020, p. 11. [Google Scholar]
  39. Ott W., Causation & Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy, Oxford 2009. [Google Scholar]
  40. Pavlakos G., Our Knowledge of the Law, Oxford–Portland 2007. [Google Scholar]
  41. Ratnapala S., Jurisprudence, Cambridge 2009. [Google Scholar]
  42. Raz J., The Authority of Law, 2nd edition, Oxford 2009; Between Authority and Interpretation, Oxford 2009. [Google Scholar]
  43. Raz J., Korsgaard C., Pippin R., Williams B., The Practice of Value, Oxford 2008. [Google Scholar]
  44. Raz J., Value, Respect, and Attachment, Cambridge 2001. [Google Scholar]
  45. Raz J., Engaging Reason – On the Theory of Value and Action, Oxford 1999. [Google Scholar]
  46. Raz J., Ethics in the Public Domain, Oxford 1994. [Google Scholar]
  47. Raz J., Practical Reason and Norms, Oxford 1975. [Google Scholar]
  48. Roberts R.C., Wood W.J., Intellectual Virtues – An Essay in Regulative Epistemology, Oxford 2009. [Google Scholar]
  49. Ryle G., The Concept of Mind, 60th Anniversary Edition with J. Tanney’s Critical Commentary, London–New York 2009. [Google Scholar]
  50. Sacks J., Morality – Restoring the Common Good in Divided Times, London 2020, p. 101. [Google Scholar]
  51. Sallis J., The Verge of Philosophy, Chicago–London 2008. [Google Scholar]
  52. Schwartz B.I., The World of Thought in Ancient China, Cambridge MA, 1985. [Google Scholar]
  53. Sen A., The Idea of Justice, London 2009. [Google Scholar]
  54. Skuczyński P., Status etyki prawniczej, Warszawa 2010. [Google Scholar]
  55. Skuczyński P. (ed.), The Concept of Dilemma in Legal and Judicial Ethics, Warsaw 2018. [Google Scholar]
  56. Sołtysiński S., Zmierzch zasady równego traktowania podmiotów gospodarczych, „Państwo i Prawo” 2015, 1. [Google Scholar]
  57. Staniszkis J., Ontology of Socialism, Oxford 1992. [Google Scholar]
  58. Sykuna S. (ed.), Legal Ethics in Poland. Foundations. Professions. Principles. Responsibility, Warsaw 2021. [Google Scholar]
  59. Tadeusiewicz R., Neurocybernetyka teoretyczna, Warszawa 2009. [Google Scholar]
  60. Thompson M., Life and Action – Elementary Structures of Practice and Practical Thought, Cambridge MA, 2008; M.H. Kramer, Where Law and Morality Meets, Oxford 2004. [Google Scholar]
  61. Twinning W., Globalisation & Legal Theory, London 2000. [Google Scholar]
  62. Zetterquist, O. (ed.), Law and Modernity – Particular Problems, Cracow 2004. [Google Scholar]

Full metadata record

Cite this record

APA style

Kozłowski, Tomasz (2021). The Concept of Negative Integrity: A Call for Philosophical Re-emergence of the Impeccable Judiciary. (2021). The Concept of Negative Integrity: A Call for Philosophical Re-emergence of the Impeccable Judiciary. Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia Nad Prawem, 13(3), 47-63. https://doi.org/10.7206/kp.2080-1084.471 (Original work published 10/2021AD)

MLA style

Kozłowski, Tomasz. “The Concept Of Negative Integrity: A Call For Philosophical Re-Emergence Of The Impeccable Judiciary”. 10/2021AD. Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia Nad Prawem, vol. 13, no. 3, 2021, pp. 47-63.

Chicago style

Kozłowski, Tomasz. “The Concept Of Negative Integrity: A Call For Philosophical Re-Emergence Of The Impeccable Judiciary”. Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia Nad Prawem, Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia nad Prawem, 13, no. 3 (2021): 47-63. doi:10.7206/kp.2080-1084.471.