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Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne studia nad prawem

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Year 3/2015 
Volume 7 
Issue 1

Testamentum holographum

Marek Kuryłowicz
Akademia Leona Koźmińskiego

3/2015 7 (1) Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne studia nad prawem

DOI 10.7206/kp.2080-1084.82

Abstract

Testamentum holographum denotes a testament written by the testator in his own hand. It is in this sense that the term is found in papyrological texts in Greco-Roman Egypt. In Roman Law, it appears as late as the fifth century in the constitutions of the Emperors Theodosius II and Valentinian III as an acceptable form of testament written in the testator’s own hand – per holografam scripturam, without witnesses. Emperor Justinian failed to accept this novelty into his code and restored the classical forms of drafting a testament. However, the concept of holographic testament survived in Germanic legal codes (Lex Romana Burgundionum; Lex Romana Visigothorum) and it was through them that it has found its way into modern legislations, indirectly into the Polish civil law as well.

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APA style

Testamentum holographum. (2015). Testamentum holographum. Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia Nad Prawem, 7(1), 219-227. https://doi.org/10.7206/kp.2080-1084.82 (Original work published 3/2015AD)

MLA style

“Testamentum Holographum”. 3/2015AD. Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia Nad Prawem, vol. 7, no. 1, 2015, pp. 219-227.

Chicago style

“Testamentum Holographum”. Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia Nad Prawem, Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne studia nad prawem, 7, no. 1 (2015): 219-227. doi:10.7206/kp.2080-1084.82.