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Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne studia nad prawem

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Year 6/2016 
Volume 8 
Issue 2

International standards for the regulation of lobbying (EU, CE, OECD, CIS)

Volodymyr Nesterovych
Luhansk State University of Internal Affairs

6/2016 8 (2) Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne studia nad prawem

DOI 10.7206/kp.2080-1084.111

Abstract

These standards were introduced at four international organizations and supranational associations: 1) the European Union; 2) the Council of Europe; 3) the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; 4) the Commonwealth of Independent States. The article states that the key reason for the introduction of standards for the regulation of lobbying at the international level was considerable corruption in the adoption of legal acts. It is concluded that latent and unregulated lobbying can seriously undermine public confidence in the institution of government, especially in the countries of the so-called “new democracy”. International regulation of lobbying takes the form of resolutions, procedural rules, guidelines, recommendations and model legislation. Notably, the first steps towards international regulation of lobbying were taken by the institutions of the European Union. Today EU standards for the regulation of lobbying is based on a series of articles set out in the EU-founding treaties and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. EU standards for the regulation of lobbying influence not only the EU Member States, but it also extends to EU Partner Countries. Significant steps in the implementation of international standards for the regulation of lobbying are being constantly carried out by the Council of Europe. The establishment of CE standards for the regulation of lobbying is reflected in the activity of statutory bodies of the Council of Europe and its semi-autonomous bodies. In recent years a lot of work on the strengthening of international standards for lobbying regulation has been done by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. To help address the concerns with transparency and integrity in lobbying, the OECD Member Countries adopted in 2010 a Recommendation on Principles for Transparency and Integrity in Lobbying as guidance to decision-makers on how to promote good governance in lobbying. Another international organization, which began to regulate actively the practice of lobbying is the Commonwealth of Independent States. In order to intensify the work concerning legislative regulation of lobbying in the member countries of the CIS, at the XXII Plenary Session of the Interparliamentary Assembly of the CIS member states the Resolution No. 22-16 of November 15, 2003 was adopted, which approved a model law “On regulation of lobbying activity in state authorities”.

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APA style

International standards for the regulation of lobbying (EU, CE, OECD, CIS). (2016). International standards for the regulation of lobbying (EU, CE, OECD, CIS). Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia Nad Prawem, 8(2), 64–78. https://doi.org/10.7206/kp.2080-1084.111 (Original work published 6/2016AD)

MLA style

“International Standards For The Regulation Of Lobbying (Eu, Ce, Oecd, Cis)”. 6/2016AD. Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia Nad Prawem, vol. 8, no. 2, 2016, pp. 64–78.

Chicago style

“International Standards For The Regulation Of Lobbying (Eu, Ce, Oecd, Cis)”. Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne Studia Nad Prawem, Krytyka Prawa. Niezależne studia nad prawem, 8, no. 2 (2016): 64–78. doi:10.7206/kp.2080-1084.111.