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Decyzje

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Year 2014-03-28 
Issue 14

Focalism vs Egocentrism and Comparative Optimism

Kornel Świątnicki
Katedra Psychologii Ekonomicznej Akademii Leona Koźmińskiego w Warszawie

Agnieszka Barakowska
Akademia Leona Koźmińskiego

Maja Kiżys
Akademia Leona Koźmińskiego

2014-03-28 (14) Decyzje

Abstract

The article presents and confronts empirically two popular conceptions explaining the phenomenon of comparative optimism: egocentric and focalistic ones. The results of two consecutive experiments unequivocally supported the validity of the focalistic conception. The studies proved that the reversal of the direction of comparison in such a way that subjects had to compare the situation of the generalized other with their own situation (instead of comparing their own situation with the situation of the generalized other) resulted in the reversal of well known relationship between the perceived frequency of events
and the amount of comparative optimism, which increased altogether with the
perceived frequency of negative events (Study 1) and decreased altogether with the perceived frequency of positive events (Study 2). This research is the first one in the literature showing such a pattern of results.

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APA style

Świątnicki, K. , Barakowska, A. , & Kiżys, M. . (2010). Focalism vs Egocentrism and Comparative Optimism. Decyzje, (14), 85 105. Retrieved de https://journal.kozminski.edu.pl/index.php/decyzje/article/view/83 (Original work published 2014-03-28)

MLA style

Świątnicki, K. , et al.. “Focalism Vs Egocentrism And Comparative Optimism”. 2014-03-28. Decyzje, no. 14, 2010, p. 85 105.

Chicago style

Świątnicki, Kornel , Agnieszka Barakowska, and Maja Kiżys. “Focalism Vs Egocentrism And Comparative Optimism”. Decyzje, Decyzje, no. 14 (2010): 85 105. https://journal.kozminski.edu.pl/index.php/decyzje/article/view/83.