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Decyzje

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Year 6/2021 
Issue 35

Primacy Effects in Poland – supplement to Steven Linder

Jacek Haman
University of Warsaw

6/2021 (35) Decyzje

DOI 10.7206/DEC.1733-0092.152

Abstract

The text supplements the article by S. Linder and contains information about research on the primacy effect in Poland. The subject of J. Raciborski’s analyzes were elections to national councils (local government bodies) in 1988 – the last elections before the fall of communism in Poland, elections to the Sejm in 1989 and 1991. T. Żółtak investigated the existence of the primacy effect in the elections to the Senate in 1991-2007. However, the primacy effect in the 2014 regional elections was of greatest political importance. The
strength of this effect was measured by J. Flis. Analyzes were also carried out on the effect of a candidate’s position on the party semi-open list in proportional elections. However, this is a completely different issue, as in this case the position on the list is related to the actual political weight of the candidate. In Poland, the relationship of the primacy effect with postal elections has never been studied, which results from the marginal importance of the latter, as well as the procedures used in elections, which prevent a separate analysis of the content of votes cast by post and at the polling station.

References

  1. Flis, J. (2015). Efekt książeczki. In: Gendźwiłł, A., Rychard, A., Frydrych, A., Michalak, B., Rutkowski, J., Flis, J., Zbieranek, J., Co się stało 16 listopada? Wybory samorządowe 2014. Warszawa: Fundacja im. Stefana Batorego. [Google Scholar]
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  4. Gendźwiłł, A., Raciborski, J. (2014). Jak głosują wyborcy w warunkach preferencyjnych list wyborczych: przypadek Polski. Decyzje, 22, 47–70. [Google Scholar]
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  12. Flis, J., Kaminski, M.M. (Forthcoming). Party-related primacy effects in proportional representation systems: Evidence from a natural experiment in Polish local elections. Public Choice. [Google Scholar]
  13. Gendźwiłł, A., Materska-Sosnowska, A., Michalak, B., Haman, J., Flis, J., Zbieranek, J., Cześnik, M., Pietrzyk, P. (2016). Nieważne głosy, ważny problem. Raport z badania kart do głosowania z wyborów do sejmików województw 2014. Warszawa: Fundacja im. Stefana Batorego. [Google Scholar]
  14. Gendźwiłł, A., Raciborski, J. (2014). Jak głosują wyborcy w warunkach preferencyjnych list wyborczych: przypadek Polski. Decyzje, 22, 47–70. [Google Scholar]
  15. Kaminski, M.M. (1999). How communism could have been saved: Formal analysis of electoral bargaining in Poland in 1989. Public Choice, 1(98), 83–109. [Google Scholar]
  16. Marcinkiewicz, K. (2014). Electoral contexts that assist voter coordination: Ballot position effects in Poland. Electoral Studies, 33(March), 322–334. [Google Scholar]
  17. Marcinkiewicz, K., Stegmaier, M. (2015). Ballot Position Effects Under Compulsory and Optional Preferential-List PR Electoral Systems. Political Behavior, 37(2), 465–486. [Google Scholar]
  18. Raciborski, J. (1989). Rytuał, plebiscyt czy wybory? Socjologiczna analiza wyborów do rad narodowych w 1988 roku. Warszawa: Instytut Socjologii Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego. [Google Scholar]
  19. Raciborski, J. (1997). Polskie wybory. Zachowania wyborcze społeczeństwa polskiego 1989-1995. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar. [Google Scholar]
  20. Żółtak, T. (2009). Wpływ miejsca na liście na wynik wyborczy w wyborach do Senatu RP. Unpublished master thesis, Institute of Sociology, Warsaw University. [Google Scholar]

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APA style

Primacy Effects in Poland – supplement to Steven Linder. (2021). Primacy Effects in Poland – supplement to Steven Linder. Decyzje, (35), 39-45. https://doi.org/10.7206/DEC.1733-0092.152 (Original work published 6/2021AD)

MLA style

“Primacy Effects In Poland – Supplement To Steven Linder”. 6/2021AD. Decyzje, no. 35, 2021, pp. 39-45.

Chicago style

“Primacy Effects In Poland – Supplement To Steven Linder”. Decyzje, Decyzje, no. 35 (2021): 39-45. doi:10.7206/DEC.1733-0092.152.