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Zeszyty Programu TOP 15

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Year 2018 
Volume 10 

Anthropomorphization of social robots by children and adults: a case of RoboThespian from the Copernicus Science Center

2018 10 () Zeszyty Programu TOP 15

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify and characterize the phenomenon of anthropomorphization.
The research group included 30 children and 30 adults who visited a Copernicus Science Center and
had interaction with RoboThespian. RoboThespian is a humanoid robot that is programmed to do
everything that has been chosen by users on a special operator’s panel. RoboThespian is able to nod,
speak, gesticulate and express feelings. A research technique was a non-participation observation.
A researcher watched participants with no taking an active part. The differences between children
and adults concern communication with the robot and giving it name. Children gave the robot
a name, asked questions and waited for the answer, as well as expressed their feelings to the robot
such as happiness or anger. This can indicate assigning the robot consciousness and free will. Among
adults, there was no tendency to give the robot names, ask questions aiming to obtain an information
or describing feeling due to robot. In order to deepen the knowledge about anthropomorphization,
a second study was carried out by the researcher. The data aggregation method was a questionnaire.
In research was used a 14-position scale that described three types of features: positive, negative
and behavioral. Differences between children and adults were observed in features such as tactful
and creative. The tendency of anthropomorphization may indicate a greater openness on cooperation
with robots.

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APA style

Anthropomorphization of social robots by children and adults: a case of RoboThespian from the Copernicus Science Center. (2018). Anthropomorphization of social robots by children and adults: a case of RoboThespian from the Copernicus Science Center. Zeszyty Programu Top 15, 10, 61-82. (Original work published 2018)

MLA style

“Anthropomorphization Of Social Robots By Children And Adults: A Case Of Robothespian From The Copernicus Science Center”. 2018. Zeszyty Programu Top 15, vol. 10, 2018, pp. 61-82.

Chicago style

“Anthropomorphization Of Social Robots By Children And Adults: A Case Of Robothespian From The Copernicus Science Center”. Zeszyty Programu Top 15, Zeszyty Programu TOP 15, 10 (2018): 61-82.