The purpose of this paper is to discuss the threats posed by technological advances and digitization. In particular I focused on the analysis of the impact of technology on the human brain, the formation of addictions, decision-making, mental and physical disorders and business. Due to the wide spectrum of the analyzed phenomenon, I decided to write the paper based on available research and literature. The chosen method allowed me not to limit myself to a single aspect of technological development, but to examine threats more broadly, as a coherent whole.
Continuity of existence is crucial for every family business that is why the most important thing is a properly planned succession process. Unfortunately, only a few of those businesses succeed in completing this step. One of the ways to avoid the problem is by creating cooperation between the advisor and successor. However, family businesses are usually skeptical when it comes to using advisors’ knowledge. The main goal of the article is to highlight the successors’ needs towards the advisor. The material presents expectations, benefits, and barriers the successor may have towards the advisor. Outcomes given in this article are based on the empirical data gathered from the interviews with Polish family business successors. The research involved eight successors who meet important criteria of choice: each successor is before the succession process, wants to be a successor, and none of them has previously cooperated with the advisor. The major obstacles encountered during the interview process are the reluctance of some successors to reveal information related to the family business. However, it was possible to identify the full range of successors’ needs in terms of cooperation with the advisor.
The development of technology enters every area of our lives. In the work environment, HRM tools and the use of business intelligence in human capital management are becoming more and more popular. Proper software of HRM tools and drawing knowledge from HR data gives enormous knowledge about what is happening in the organization – from the challenges faced by the company to the areas that build its competitive advantage. There are more and more aspects of management psychology and terms such as management neurosis, a combination of management sciences, neurobiology and psychology. The purpose of this article is to present HRM tool such as WinWinNeuroAnalytics, which allows to the analysis of employee reserve diagnostics in an innovative way. Efficiency among employees is one of the most important challenges of modern management. Having specific and measurable information about the company, it is possible to introduce it to a completely different, higher level of management. Big data in HR is an added value for the organization, allowing it to define the difficulties it is struggling with and providing information on the perception of phenomena taking place in the company through the eyes of its employees. Organizations are made by people. They are the ones who know their positions best and have knowledge about the factors that make theirwork difficult and determine their effectiveness. An effective company has a much greater growth potential, and thus more opportunities for development.
The article is devoted to the problem of work & life balance in the context of female entrepreneurship. Finding the balance is a challenge for ambitious and educated women. The aim of this article is to identify the mechanisms of achieving work-life balance by women running business ventures. It was based on the analysis of conducted poorly structured in-depth interviews with women who run their own businesses. Conclusions presented in this article, based on the analysis of empirical data, allowed the identification of factors for achieving balance, and these include: support and assistance from loved ones, flexibility in time management, work that gives pleasure, appreciation of time for oneself, organization of the work area at home, freedom in the selection of co-workers.
The main objective of the article is to learn how customers perceive the family nature of family businesses in the restaurant industry. An additional purpose is to assess the available for family restaurants individual channels of communicating familiness.
A questionnaire survey was carried out using a research tool in the form of an internet survey. 133 respondents, selected for the sample in a non-random manner, took part in the study. The survey questionnaire was made available on social groups dedicated to gastronomy. Finally, 132 completed questionnaires were used for statistical analysis.
The results of the study indicate the values associated by the respondents with the family nature of restaurants run by families, as well as the motives for feeling additional value when using their services. In addition, the results of the study show the channels of communicating the familiness preferred by the participants of the study, available for family restaurants. Due to the non-random selection of respondents to the sample in the conducted survey, the survey results cannot be treated as representative. The predominance of people aged 18-26 participating in the study could also have influenced the distortion of the study results.
The conclusions from the study may be useful for family restaurant owners, who want to emphasize and promote the family nature of their businesses. In addition, the obtained research results may inspire other researchers interested in exploring the phenomenon of family business.
In the literature on the subject, can be found many studies on the subject of the image of family businesses. However, there are no sources that directly refer to the perception of family nature in the restaurant industry. The intention of this article is to fill the research gap in this field.
This study intended to develop an understanding about Smart Cities by investigating into the literature on the system thinking theory and on Smart Cities. We will thus use insights from the system thinking theory in an empirical research incorporating observations and interviews of researchers and practitioners, constructing two cases studies to respond to our research question: How can system theory be applied to analysis and comparison of the recent phenomena Smart Cities? This study was based on empirical study analysis including interviews and field observations conducted in international cities such as Fujisawa and Vienna. Those cities were treated as cases and a comparative case study analysis was conducted accordingly. The stress was put on their core goals and organizations. Smart Cities can be considered as systems under the system thinking theory. Vienna and Fujisawa SST are among them as they fit the systems’ characteristics. While comparing the two Smart Cities, one can notice few similarities and significant differences concerning their location, their main approaches, their methods of management and their financial structure. The concept can be applied to analyze many Smart Cities worldwide relevant in terms of size and conditions. City Halls or Companies involved in that field may be able to utilize some recommendations while building their Smart City initiative. The topic of Smart City is contemporary. As any new subject, it remains to the responsibility of academic researchers to build proper and detailed academic researches to develop theories and models to apply in businesses and organizations. The matter is also crucial to face climate change while keeping high human standard quality of life.
The body of research on the market orientation used most representative samples from
post-communist country – Poland and its small-medium enterprises sector. According
to the literature review, very few studies have been conducted about effect of turbulent
environment in home country and internationalisation of SMEs. Additionally, previous
studies from developed countries might not be applicable to post-socialists countries,
whereas entrepreneurs differ with their entrepreneurial attitudes. The research is
integrative and focuses on the role of environmental turbulence caused by recent political
swift in Poland. Study also focus on governmental support programmes. This study
employs semi-structured interviews to gain understanding of the phenomenon. The study
also benefited from input from the different Polish sectors (IT, healthcare, construction,
technology), whereas sample is chosen by the most varied companies as well as leaders
from the sectors in order to gain additional insights.
The present study inquires into associative links between Labor Unionization, Salary Gap and Productivity. It was used an unbalanced dataset of the most capitalized companies for the research to be made. One of the main purpose of trade unions creation is to lower the salary gap within the business entity. As well as provide security and stability for workers. We explained this aspect not only through empirical analysis but also relying on the review of psychological literature about the needs of workers and people in general. Our empirical analysis demonstrates the higher the trade union representation, the lower the salary gap. Such findings may be explained by ‘tournament theory’. As it seems to be suitable to explain the phenomena for steep-hierarchy firms, which constitute the research sample. Finally, the employee productivity seems to be negatively associated with the trade union representation. A further inquiry into this problem seems warranted.
In the article, I will try to prove the truth of the hypothesis that the new business constitution
is far from the expectations of entrepreneurs and the theory of entrepreneurship. The legal and
comparative analysis will show that it contains minor modifications to the Act of 2 July 2004 on the
freedom of economic activity. It is even a significant recession in relation to the so-called Wilczek’s
Law, despite the fact that it was advertised as a return to liberal rules facilitating business operations.
The main limitation of changes is the Polish pension system and it must be strongly reformed for the
needs of enterprise dynamization in Poland. I would like to propose changes to this system so that
it would be conducive to the development of business and stopped the very likely bankruptcy of the
pension system, whose liabilities due to future pensions amount to nearly PLN 5 billion.