Purpose: Empirical results about the direct relation of knowledge leading to fi nancial performance at a firm is dispersed. This study aims to examine the impact intellectual capital (IC) has on fi rm performance in Polish and Dutch listed firms.
Methodology: Quantitative data is collected based on audited annual reports from the top 20 companies listed at the Warsaw Stock Exchange and Amsterdam Stock Exchange between 2007 and 2011. IC is measured using the VAIC methodology with its individual elements of HCE, SCE, and CEE. Direct relations between ICE, HCE, and SCE and fi ve measures of fi rm performance are statistically analysed.
Results: The results suggest that there is a direct positive relationship between ICE and fi rm performance of Polish and Dutch listed fi rms, particularly with ROA, ROE, EP, and to a lesser extent with ATO. Firms listed in Poland provide a stronger positive ICE relation to ROA and ROE where fi rms listed in the Netherlands provide a stronger positive ICE relation to EP. Regarding individual elements, HCE relates highly positive to ROA, ROE, and EP where SCE fi nds only partial negative relation with ATO.
Implications: Nurturing IC and in particular HC confirms the importance of fi rm knowledge and employees with right training and other support. Additionally, further clarifi cation regarding SC is required.
Originality: This paper presents the fi rst study of the IC relationship with fi rm performance in Poland as well in the Netherlands. Additionally, the comparison between fi rms of both countries establishes a novelty in IC research.